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منبع رسمی مقالات در مورد بهترین پسته

بازدید : 5
يکشنبه 4 ارديبهشت 1401 زمان : 10:10

Pistachio psyllids have a variety of natural enemies that the parasitoid pistachio wholesale bee appears in the gardens at the same time as the first generation nymphs appear and attacks the psyllid nymphs, especially at the ages of 4 and 5, and embalms them.

Crop operations to combat pistachio psyllids

Field operations to combat pistachio psyllids are as follows:

Winter plowing and tree spraying

Fertilizing and pitting

Soil texture modification

Proper irrigation

Nutrition

Observe the distance between cultivation and density

Prune and dry

Weed control

Planting a suitable cultivar

Use of pressurized irrigation system

Chemical control of pistachio psyllids

Chemical control of Darton or Marshall at a rate of 2 to 2.5 per thousand or dishwashing liquid at a rate of 3 per thousand alone kills and destroys pistachio psyllid nymphs. It also has some effect on eggs. Amitraz and concealer have the property of infertility of adult insects.

Avoid mixing dishwashing liquid with toxins because its pH is alkaline and reduces the lethal effect of toxins. If possible, do not spray from mid-August onwards.

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,
بازدید : 14
پنجشنبه 1 ارديبهشت 1401 زمان : 10:58

Dr. Khanlari's psyche considers the Persian word pistachio to be one of pistachio wholesale the people of northern Khorasan and the word pistachio is a very ancient Iranian word, which originates from the dialect of the people located in the pistachio-rich area of Khorasan provinces in the south of Jeyhun. Muhammad ibn Jarir Tabari of the third century AH has considered and written the origin of pistachios at the same time with the establishment of Adam on the planet.

It is said that the fruits that God gave to Adam when he fell were: ten skinned fruits, ten skinless fruits which are walnut fruits such as walnuts, almonds, pistachios, hazelnuts and so on.

Masoudi, a tourist and Muslim historian, in 322 AH, in the promoters of gold and jewels, considered pistachios as the deliverance of Adam from Paradise and wrote that because Adam came out of Paradise, he brought a handful of wheat and thirty branches of the trees of Paradise, including Ten fruits were peeled.

The Torah also mentions pistachios, and it is said that when Jacob (pbuh) sent his children to the court of the Egyptian ruler (Joseph), they described the products of their land, Palestine, as gifts to him. Including honey, tragacanth and pistachios are mentioned.

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,
بازدید : 15
چهارشنبه 31 فروردين 1401 زمان : 10:00

This pest is spread in most pistachio growing areas of the country and is often pistachio wholesale found on old trees.

Biology of Pistachio Butterfly Pest

They spend the winter in full diapause as larvae in thin, dirty white cocoons and in the holes that the larvae make under the bark of the tree. These larvae turn into pupae in Rafsanjan's climatic conditions in late March, and the adult insects hatch about two weeks after pupation.

The emergence of adult insects occurs in mid-April and coincides with the swelling of the buds, which spawn individually on newly formed flowers and fruits after mating. The eggs hatch about two weeks later and the small, milky first instar larvae penetrate the newly formed fruits and feed on the fruit embryos.

Infected fruits at this stage become blackened, dried, and eventually shed by the larvae before the bony skin hardens. This stage of damage is called pistachio sting. The larvae, after eating the contents of the fruit, pierce it and leave, and then enter the next fruit.

At this stage, each larva is able to destroy 8 fruits. The length of the larvae of the first generation is 35 to 40 days and the larvae of the last age go to the trunks of trees and at a height of 0.5 to 1.5 meters and under the bark of the trunk, they become cocoons and become pupae.

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,
بازدید : 6
سه شنبه 30 فروردين 1401 زمان : 10:23

The late Khanlari has a similar view. Addressing the lexical pistachio wholesale roots of some plants that have Iranian origins and whose names have spread to other Sunnis, he says: "It is obvious that many plants, flowers and trees first existed in one area of the planet. And from there it has been transferred to other areas.

However, often the original name of the plant or flower or tree or fruit from the language of the people of their main land has entered the language of the people of other countries and has become popular with a slight change of form). Dr. Khanlari then pays attention to the Persian word for pistachio, which is derived from the people of the northern regions of Khorasan.

According to him, pistachio has been a special plant and fruit in Sughd and North Khorasan regions and is still considered as the main plant in that region. Khanlari's comment is based on the same theory as Loefer's birth.

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,
بازدید : 16
دوشنبه 29 فروردين 1401 زمان : 9:47

Proper storage of pistachios in warehouses requires the following pistachio wholesale points:

Avoid storing unripe pistachios separately, because in storage conditions, such pistachios rot quickly and are attacked by molds or fungi, and infection and contamination wastes the entire crop.

Pistachio warehouses should be constructed in locations away from lateral moisture as well as contaminated sources and moisture. In the construction of this warehouse, safety, health and technical points must be observed in all aspects. And be ventilated in terms of humidity.

The ventilation device should be equipped with a net and a safety window to prevent the entry of any pests and insects, and the safety windows can be closed during disinfection. The walls should not have any holes, and the warehouse should be disinfected at each time of emptying the pistachio crop. Disinfection of warehouses is usually done with special disinfectant incense.

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,
بازدید : 17
يکشنبه 28 فروردين 1401 زمان : 10:35

In 1335 AH, Seyyed Mohammad Ali Jamalzadeh, while studying the pistachio wholesale economic situation of Iran, while praising Kerman pistachios, mentioned the importance of packing dried fruits and berries of Iran:

Fruit exports in Iran can be brought to a high level, and the first step in this way is to act according to the taste of European countries, especially in the box and put them in cans, so that they are wasted in the long and difficult roads of Iran. "Do not go and reach the intended points well."

In 1304, one of the experts in the key book of Iran's economic independence, while emphasizing advertising on export products, wrote: "Economic advertising, no matter how expensive it is for us, will provide us with great benefits in the future."

In 1310, the late Massoud Kayhan stated that it can be said without exaggeration that the natural properties of most Iranian fruits are so favorable that the resulting dried fruit can be the highest dried fruit, and part of the Iranian dried fruit that is practiced to the extent It does not need much effort, such as pistachios and almonds, Damavand walnuts and walnuts are considered as the best dried fruits in the world due to their quality.

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,
بازدید : 17
پنجشنبه 25 فروردين 1401 زمان : 10:53

The production of hollow fruits is very much affected by the year. The pistachio wholesale percentage of hollow fruits is usually higher in low-yielding years, it is believed that the carbohydrate status of the tree determines the amount of fruit set and yield of the tree and its ability during the period of maturity to laughter.

Despite the marked difference in yield per crop year, they virtually have the same percentage of empty fruits. For example, in 1989, control trees with 19 g of crop per tree had 19.1% hollow. If the trees were pruned and pruned with 2.5 kg of crop per tree, they had 16% hollow.

Despite the differences in the amount of product, there is no significant difference in the percentage of voids. Pistachio branch with and without crop shows in mid-July this year (late July) after the fall of flower buds. A fruitful branch is the same branch that bears fruit.

Conclusion:

So far very little information has been obtained about the factors affecting the percentage of vacancy. However, increasing leaf boron levels above 120 PPM and adequate irrigation and avoiding water stress during the growing season will prevent the growth of empty fruits.

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,
بازدید : 6
چهارشنبه 24 فروردين 1401 زمان : 10:47

The boat-shaped egg is cream yellow. There are a number of parallel raised lines on pistachio wholesale the surface of the egg that may play a role in egg stability (Figure 1-3). Studies showed that the average length of 30 eggs is 0.4 ۲ 0.25 mm and their average width in the widest part of the egg is 0.02 ± 0.2 mm.

Pistachio wood-eating butterfly eggs

Figure 1-3 pistachio wood-eating butterfly eggs

The larvae are very small and white at the time of hatching, they remain white at later ages, and only the jaws and sclerotic parts around their anus turn brown. These larvae are without legs until the third age (Figure 1-4).

The first age of the pistachio wood-eating butterfly

Full profile of pistachio wood-eating moth larvae

At the fourth age, the body color of the larvae becomes blackish gray and three pairs of thoracic legs and five pairs of abdominal legs appear (Figure 1-5). The false legs of the larva are uniordinal, meaning that the brackets are in a row and are semicircular. Larvae body length reaches 10-5.5 mm at the fourth age.

The first breast band is the widest part of the larval body and on the sides of this band are two dark spots that are connected by a narrow strip. Looking at the differences in the larval form at different ages, he considered the metamorphosis of this pest as an exaggerated metamorphosis.

It seems that the reason for this type of metamorphosis is that in the first to third ages, the larvae feed inside the wood and do not need legs, but in the last ages (fourth age) because the larvae have to leave the branch and find a suitable place to pupate. , Need legs and therefore larval legs appear.

The larvae of this pest spend most of their lives in the third stage of larvae, and according to the law of Dayar (Savopoulou and Tzanakakis, 1990) it is observed that there are four larval stages for this pest.

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,
بازدید : 16
چهارشنبه 24 فروردين 1401 زمان : 10:40

In the case of wood-eating moths, the following set of methods pistachio wholesale can be used to effectively reduce the pest population:

1. Mechanical and garden control operations

In infected orchards, pruning the dried branches in the winter and removing them from the field can effectively reduce the population of whole larvae within the branches. Also, in limited areas, the cocoons formed on the branches can be mechanically separated from the branches at the end of March. These cocoons should be exterminated after collection from the garden surface. Doing these methods alone will never be enough to reduce pest damage, and chemical control in heavily infested orchards is recommended.

۲. Trace-based chemical control operations

The effectiveness of chemical control of this pest depends on two important factors, including the effectiveness of the toxin and the exact time of spraying. After selecting the most effective toxin available in the market regarding spraying time, it should be considered that because the pest larvae feed inside the cluster or branch axis after hatching, they can not be eliminated after entering the cluster and branch axis by spraying. win.

Therefore, determining the exact time of spraying before the larvae enter the depth of plant tissue has a significant effect on its effectiveness. For this purpose, the exact time of chemical control can be determined using pheromone traps. On average, each trap can catch more than a thousand insects per day, depending on the time and amount of pollution in the garden.

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,
بازدید : 16
پنجشنبه 11 فروردين 1401 زمان : 12:28

28% decrease in US pistachio sales - A review of the US pistachio sales situation in pistachio wholesale May 2016 (May 12 to June 10, 2016), according to Primex, indicates an increase in domestic sales and a decrease in US pistachio exports. Referring to the sale of 22 million pounds (ten thousand tons) of packages this month, Primex adds: the amount of sales in this month has decreased by 2.4 million pounds (one thousand tons) equivalent to ten percent compared to May last year.

28% decrease in pistachio exports in the United States

Domestic sales increased by ۷ 68,000 or (30 tonnes) by 5.7 per cent and exports by میلیون 3 million (1,300 tonnes) by 24.6 per cent year-on-year. Regarding the sales volume from the beginning of the current business year, Primex adds: the total sales have been 229 million pounds (104 thousand tons) and in total we see a decrease of 89 million pounds (40 thousand tons) equal to 28.1 percent compared to last year. .

28% drop in US pistachio exports (3)

Domestic sales fell by 10.6 million pounds (5,000 tonnes) by 8% and exports of 79 million pounds (36,000 tonnes) by 42% last year. (Table 2)

برچسب ها pistachio wholesale ,

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