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يکشنبه 16 آبان 1400 زمان : 11:49

The most important pistachio wholesale cultivation areas in Iran are Kerman, Yazd, Khorasan, Fars, Semnan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Markazi, Isfahan, Qazvin and Tehran. Damghan, Rafsanjan, Zarandshahr Kashkoyeh, Sirjan, Buin Zahra, Anar and Neyriz are the main centers of pistachio production in Iran and 80% of pistachios produced in Iran are obtained from these areas. Until several years ago, pistachio cultivation was more common in Kerman, Yazd and Khorasan provinces. Facing severe water restrictions in Kerman province caused pistachio cultivation to expand to other more water-rich provinces. Today, pistachio cultivation is developing in most provinces of Iran.

The director of the Pistachio Research Institute of Iran has stated that even the western provinces have started to cultivate this crop and one of the challenges is low yield or so-called tree shortage, but in these conditions we can have a good crop due to climate change such as lack of cold in Winter or increase in temperature in March and April and problems due to severe temperature changes, we face low yields. Climate change is another issue that has affected pistachios and is one of the reasons for the outbreak of pests.

Pistachios can grow and sprout in many parts of Iran, but due to the severe climate change in Iran in recent decades, areas that were previously suitable for growing pistachios are not so favorable now, and many areas that were previously unfavorable are now suitable. Economic cultivation of pistachios.

Economic planting of pistachios in an area means that planting there is economical. The best place to grow pistachios is an area that is relatively cold in winter (temperature below 6 degrees) and from March, when it is time to germinate, the air temperature is below zero. It should not be cold, in summer it should have a temperature above 25 degrees Celsius and below 40 degrees, and it should have a relative humidity of about 40%. Also, one of the most important climatic conditions for the growth of pistachio trees is the lack of salinity in the soil, the relative fertility of the soil and the lack of high salinity in the area.

Planting pistachios in different parts of Iran, which used to be pistachio nurseries, will no longer be economical because the air temperature has risen sharply, the groundwater level has dropped sharply and the relative humidity has reached about 10 percent. . On the other hand, there are other cities that now experience the climatic conditions of areas such as Damghan and Rafsanjan 40 years ago and are ideal for growing pistachios. Some of the cities in Iran that we can name are the cities around Lake Urmia and many cities in North Khorasan that have the above conditions.

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